The Dwarkadhish Temple

The Dwarkadhish temple, also known as the Jagat Mandir is a Hindu Temple dedicated to the Lord Krishna, who is worshiped here by the name Dwarkadhish, or ‘King of Dwarka’. The temple is located at Dwarka city of Gujrat, India, which is one of the destinations of Char Dham ( Sacred abodes: Badrinath, Puri, Rameshwaram and Dwarka), a Hindu pilgrimage circuit.

Dwarka means the gateway to salvation, that’s why the city also referred as Moksha Puri, Dwarkamati and Dwarkavati. In the 8th century, Adi Shankaracharya had established one of his four Peetha here as Sharda Peetha.

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Mythology

Legend has it that Lord Krishna shifted his capital from Mathura to Dwarka because Jarasandha, who wanted to avenge the death of his son in law (Kamsa), repeatedly attacked Mathura. During the 18th attempt by Jarasandha, Krishna chose to leave Mathura with the Yadav dynasty. Dwarka, as a site for the capital, was chosen by Garuda, the divine eagle, to bring Krishna when he departed from Mathura. Krishna then besieged Vishvakarma to help him build his new capital. Vishvakarma agreed to help only on one condition that Samudradev, the god of the sea, should provide the land. Krishna then offered prayers to Samudra dev and was blessed with a land that measures 12 yojanas (773 sq km). He then founded his kingdom in Dwarka and stayed there for the rest of his life.

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Lord Krishna created the twin city of Dwarka and Bet Dwarka with the help of Vishvkarma. Bet Dwarka as his residence while Dwarka as his administrative office. Thereafter, Lord Krishna called as Dwarkadhish in Dwarka.

It is also believed that original city of Dwarka, belonging to Lord Krishna swallowed back by the Sea, right after the death of Lord Krishna. At this point, it is not easy to say that it is completely mythology or base on some evidences.

History

It is said that Vajranabh, the great grandson of Lord Krishna had built the very first temple at this location almost 2500 year ago. That original structure of Dwarkadhish temple had been destroyed by Mahmud  Begada in 1472. Later Raja Jagat Singh Rathore rebuild and enlarge the complex in 16th century, that’s why it is also called Jagat Mandir.

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Dwarka was Situated on the banks of river Gomti. The current temple in Chalukya style which is constructed in 15th century. Dwarkadhish is a seven storey temple, supported on seventy-two pillars.

Architecture

Built of soft limestone and granite, Jagat Mandir features a vestibule, sanctum and a rectangular hall with porches on three sides.The temple has two entrances – “Moksha Dwara” (Door to Salvation) towards the North and “Swarga Dwara” (Gate to Heaven) on its North. The main temple included four sections- Vimangrih, Bhadrapeeth, Ladva Mandap and Arth Mandap. From plinth to walls to columns, every corner of the temple is profusely carved with panels of elephants, dancers, celestial being and musicians.

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It is a five stories temple, its spires touches height of 78 meters and the complete structure is supported with 72 decorated pillars. This temple shares the typical style of Chalukaya temples, exterior of the temple and its pillars have intricate carving and sculptures.It is believed Mirabai, who dedicated her whole life to Lord Krishna had been merged with this idol at this temple.

Dhwaja, the temple flag, spans 84 feet high and is hosted on top of a pillar that is 20 feet high. It bears the emblem of the sun and the moon and can be seen in the various combination of pink, red, saffron, yellow, white, blue and green. Colours of the flags are chosen as per the different days of the week and each stands for a specific spiritual quality.

The Dwarkadhish temple lies on northern bank of Gomti river and Sudama Bridge connect the mainland to Dwarka beach. Dwarka beach is also one of the beautiful beaches of India and Sun-set is the main highlight of this place. There are several benches on the way from bridge to beach, where you can sit and enjoy the beautiful sight.

It is very mesmerizing to see Gomti river merging with the Sea near Sumudra Narayan temple. All these elements create a beautiful scene that make your day.

Apart from the main temple, there are many other temples at the Gomti Ghat dedicated to Samudra, Lakshmi and Saraswati. Pilgrim like to take holy dip in the Gomti River before visiting Dwarkadhish temple. Everyday, thousands of pilgrim visit this temple and offer their prayer, while on the occasion of Janmasthami(the birth day of Lord Krishna) the crowd increase several manifolds.

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